Jesus prayed, and what his disciples saw made them want to pray, too. (Was it the effect on Jesus, or the renewal of his power or creativity, or just so much part of his life? We aren’t told.)
The instructions he gives in Luke 11:1-13 are short. This is no “formula”, but teaching to be pondered and understood. (Compare the account in Matthew 6, and you will find rather more words, but the same impression of an outline).
The familiarity of the words to many of us can blunt their impact. They start, not with us, but with God. That is important. We might be happy to dive into our problems, requests, worries – but we are told to begin with God. (God as “Father” may cause problems to those whose parent was not much loved – but we know of good parents. A parent remains one with power, perhaps to direct our behaviour, always to know what we are, and have been. It is not an equal relationship).
We are to communicate, understanding that God is somehow personal, contactable, and involved with us. Luckily, as with a good Father, we are known and understood. Still, there is the effort of seeing another person’s point of view, and what plans and directions we may need to hear, and then obey. We have to listen, as well as speak. (Though many Psalms suggest that we can expect a sympathetic hearing when words pour out in pain or anger, with little hearing.)
After beginning with this mysterious and wonderful other, we are encouraged to ask for what we need. The following verses (5-13) underline this. Ask – the Father wants to give us what is good. Good, not necessarily indulgent. Good, for life in service of the Kingdom, and life which finds its real purpose. The parable is about finding the means to be hospitable, not about living comfortably.
That brings us to forgiveness. We ask for it, with a strong reminder, not only of our need for being forgiven but also of our need to forgive others, reflecting the grace we receive! It is a demanding line, but one close to the heart of Christian living. How can we, who hope for heaven only by being forgiven, criticise or look down on others who need forgiveness too?
Let’s not forget the last line, that we are not lead into the time of trial – or temptation. No, of course our heavenly Father is not making trouble for us. Remember Jesus words to the sleepy disciples in Gethsemane – Luke 22:39-47. Twice Jesus uses this phrase (v40,46), and the meaning is clear. Temptation may come in many forms, all dangerous. We ask the Father’s help to come through the hard times with faith.
So, what’s the problem? It is not that prayer is complicated, rather that we all find good relationships hard, and honest communication demanding. God is as close as a good parent, but the stakes are high, the distractions pressing. But the disciples wanted to learn; it must have been something important for Jesus, and for them.